Census Data | New Mexico Population

Data on population, social, economic and housing are collected and tabulated by the US Census Bureau for the decennial census and American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is an ongoing statistical household survey sent to approximately 3 million households every year which replaces the traditional long form that was used in previous decennial censuses. From the survey, the Bureau is able to produce estimates which are released annually.

The Population Estimates Program of the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that between 2010 and 2017, New Mexico’s population increased by about 1.1%. Over this seven-year period, many of the state’s counties grew while some saw a decrease in population. For instance, Colfax County saw a decline in population over this period (11.3%) while Lea County saw a growth in population (6.4%). The state still continues to attract people from the around the world as indicated by the positive net international migration.

In 2017, median age in the state was estimated to be about 37.8 years, younger than the national average of 38.0 years. The prime workforce age group of 25 to 44 years old made up about 25.2% of the total population. About 16.8% of New Mexico’s population is aged 65 and over, very close to the national average of 15.6%. The growth of New Mexico’s young population promises a larger labor force in the near future. About 23.3% of New Mexico’s population is made up of persons under 18 years compared to the national average of 22.6%.

The Census Bureau provides Demographic Profiles from the 2010 Census. The Demographic Profile for the state is provided below.

The Census Bureau also provides “QuickFacts” for states, counties, and cities and towns with more than 5,000 people. From this page you may access data for available geographies within the state by using the search box at the top of the page.

Menus of Census Bureau data provide access to data from all Census products. Follow the links below:

The following are compilations of data for the State, Counties and Places for population and housing:

American Community Survey (ACS), 5 Year Estimates for New Mexico & Counties (2013-2017)

Comparison Profiles for New Mexico & Counties, 5-Year Estimates, 2013-2017

2010 Census Data for New Mexico & Counties

2000 Census Data for New Mexico & Counties

Population Estimates for New Mexico & Counties

Historical Census Data for New Mexico, Counties & Cities

Maps from the Census Bureau

The New Mexico Economic Development Department makes every effort to provide current and accurate information and data. The data provided on this site is compiled from a number of different sources, however, and we therefore cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information presented. Please inform us of any errors.